The Impact of Universal Health Coverage on Poverty Reduction in Low and Middle-Income Countries

By Danélia Botes

February 28, 2024

Introduction

The correlation between poverty and higher rates of mortality and morbidity has been well-established in both academic and policy discourse. The poor, both at individual and national levels, bear a disproportionate burden of ill health. This is often due to factors such as inadequate housing, sanitation, and nutrition. It’s no surprise, then, that access to quality healthcare is seen as a crucial pathway to better economic development and reduced health and income inequalities. Therefore, the impact of Universal Health Coverage (UHC) on poverty reduction is explored in this article. 

Universal Health Coverage and Poverty Reduction

UHC is a key component in the fight against poverty. UHC aims to provide health services to all people in need, ensuring no one suffers financial hardship or health deterioration due to necessary health care expenditure. The Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3, adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015, enshrines UHC as a key factor in achieving equity and prosperity goals.

The service coverage dimensions of UHC could impact poverty, independently, or in the absence, of any reduction in catastrophic health expenditure. A recent study sought to understand the relationship between increased health service coverage and poverty in low and middle-income countries (LMICs).

Figure 1. Aggregated results of main analyses: relative association of service coverage indicators with poverty

Key Findings

Recent research has discovered a link between higher coverage rates of inpatient, maternal, and child health services and smaller poverty gaps. Fewer people live below the poverty lines where these services have more coverage. These relationships hold true in most sensitivity analyses. The study also found that reductions in poverty are associated with increased coverage rates of maternal and child health services. This is particularly relevant for the poorest families in LMICs who often have less access to these services.

Impact of Universal Health Coverage on Poverty Reduction

Research findings show a correlation between increased coverage of essential health services and reduced poverty levels in low- and middle-income countries. Inpatient, maternal, and child health services stand out in this correlation. These services have a stronger association with poverty reduction, especially among people below lower poverty thresholds. This fact highlights the critical role of targeted healthcare interventions in improving the lives of the most vulnerable communities. The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the importance of strengthening healthcare systems and increasing access to key services. Disruptions in healthcare are leading to rising poverty rates. This situation makes it crucial to prioritise UHC measures. These measures protect vulnerable people and help in achieving sustainable development goals. 

Conclusion

Increasing coverage of maternal, child and inpatient services is associated with reduced poverty in LMICs. Recent findings support pro-poor approaches towards UHC and suggest that providing health services known to affect the poor may help to prevent and reduce poverty.

Reference url

Recent Posts

African Medicines Agency development
           

The African Medicine Agency’s Role in Advancing Healthcare

🌍 The #AfricanMedicinesAgency is set to change the face of healthcare in Africa. With a mission to provide quality, safe, and effective medical products, the AMA is a beacon of hope for enhanced health access. 🏥✨ #HealthcareInnovation #GlobalHealth #HealthForAll 💡

🔍 Discover how the AMA’s development is a crucial step towards a healthier continent. 🌐 #AMAdevelopment #AfricanUnion #HealthcareAccess🤝

. 📢 Read our latest article to understand the AMA’s vision, challenges, and the road ahead. Let’s unite for #HealthcareExcellence in Africa! 🌟

Economic Analysis in Clinical Trials
                

Economics in Clinical Trials: A Guide to Value-Based Decisions

🔬📚 We’ve just published an insightful piece on the importance of economic analysis in clinical trials 💊. It’s not just about proving efficacy, but also about understanding the value💰that new treatments bring to the table.

In a world where value-based healthcare is becoming the norm, this kind of analysis is absolutely essential for informed decision-making. Dive into the article to learn more about the role of economic endpoints, trial design, and types of economic analysis in clinical trials.

Join the discussion and share your thoughts! #ClinicalTrials #EconomicAnalysis #HealthcareEconomics #ValueBasedCare 🌐👩‍⚕️👨‍⚕️

AI in Healthcare Risk Adjustment
            

The Influence of AI on Risk Adjustment Models in Healthcare

🚀 #HealthcareInnovation Alert! Our latest update reveals a groundbreaking ML algorithm transforming risk adjustment models. 🧬💡

🔍 With enhanced predictive accuracy & fairness, we’re paving the way for smarter, more efficient healthcare resource allocation. 💊💰

👨‍⚕️👩‍⚕️ Clinicians, #LifeSciencesExperts, and #HealthcareProfessionals, discover how this innovation could change the game for patient care and financial planning. 📈

📖 Read our full article and join the conversation! ➡️

#ArtificialIntelligence #MachineLearning #HealthcareData #RiskAdjustment #AIinHealthcare #ValueBasedHealthcare

When you partner with Syenza, it’s like a Nuclear Fusion.

Our expertise are combined with yours, and we contribute clinical expertise and advanced degrees in health policy, health economics, systems analysis, public finance, business, and project management. You’ll also feel our high-impact global and local perspectives with cultural intelligence.

SPEAK WITH US

CORRESPONDENCE ADDRESS

1950 W. Corporate Way, Suite 95478
Anaheim, CA 92801, USA

JOIN NEWSLETTER




SERVICES

© 2024 Syenza™. All rights reserved.