Opportunities and Challenges in Global Innovation Policies

By Danélia Botes

March 27, 2024


The global healthcare landscape is evolving rapidly, with significant implications for the biopharmaceutical industry and global innovation policies in healthcare. Two key areas of focus are the World Health Organisation’s (WHO) Pandemic Agreement and the discussions at international meetings on intellectual property (IP) and pandemic readiness.

WHO Pandemic Agreement: A Mixed Bag for Innovators

The WHO Pandemic Agreement aims to establish a global consensus on strengthening pandemic prevention, preparedness, and response. This agreement has the potential to bolster global health and pandemic readiness, but it also presents several challenges.

On the positive side, the agreement promotes a comprehensive “One Health” approach, aiming to enhance disease surveillance and strengthen healthcare systems worldwide. It also seeks to empower regulatory authorities to expedite authorisation for pandemic-related products and highlights the need to combat misleading health information.

However, the agreement also contains provisions that could undermine biopharmaceutical innovation and collaboration. These include linking pathogen sharing with access to medical countermeasures as well as monetary benefits, waiving intellectual property rights, and centralising the WHO’s role in vaccine and therapeutic manufacturing. The centralised role of the WHO in vaccine and pharmaceutical supply chains is complex as it lacks the expertise and data to make vital, timely, and costly decisions. This can affect non-pandemic medicines, products, and lives.

International Meetings: A Crucible for American Innovation

International meetings at major multilateral organisations (MLOs) could significantly impact American innovation, health outcomes, and pandemic preparedness. These discussions focus on policies related to IP and pandemic readiness. World leaders are seeking consensus to finalise agreement in May. The agreement should promote biopharmaceutical research, development, and manufacture, and avoid actions that discourage innovation and collaboration.

Notably, the World Trade Organisation’s (WTO) TRIPS Waiver Extension and the World Intellectual Property Organisation’s (WIPO) negotiations on Genetic Resources (GRs) could have far-reaching implications for American researchers and the healthcare industry.

Global Innovation Policies in Healthcare

As these discussions and negotiations unfold, the importance of innovation and collaboration in addressing global crises becomes increasingly clear. Policymakers should learn from the COVID-19 pandemic and focus on policies that support innovation rather than undermine it.

The Way Forward: Supporting Innovation and Collaboration

Moving forward, it is crucial for policymakers to engage with private sector stakeholders to ensure more equitable access to vaccines and therapeutics in future health emergencies. The biopharmaceutical industry has much to contribute and should be a key partner in these discussions.


As we navigate this rapidly evolving landscape, it’s crucial to remember that innovation and collaboration are key to improving global health. Policymakers must focus on supporting these elements to ensure we are prepared for future health emergencies.

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